A Comprehensive Guide to Amlodipine

What is Amlodipine Used For?

Amlodipine, commonly recognized by its brand name, Norvasc, among others, is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure and a certain type of chest pain known as angina. It belongs to a class of drugs known as calcium channel blockers. By relaxing the blood vessels, it helps the blood to flow more easily, thereby effectively lowering the blood pressure. This in turn aids in preventing severe conditions like strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.

In addition to its use for hypertension, Amlodipine helps in preventing certain types of angina and increasing an individual’s capacity to exercise. However, it’s crucial to note that while it can reduce the frequency of angina attacks, it should not be directly used to treat an angina attack when it happens. Instead, other medications, such as sublingual nitroglycerin, should be used as prescribed by the doctor.

Proper Usage of Amlodipine

Starting the Medication

Before beginning your course, it’s essential to read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist. If doubts arise, do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider.

Dosage Instructions

  • Administer the medication orally, with or without food, typically once daily.
  • If using the liquid form, adhere to the manufacturer’s guidelines. Some might require shaking, while others do not. Ensure accurate dosage by using a specialized measuring device.
  • Dosage is contingent on individual medical conditions and response to treatment. Regular intake maximizes the benefits.
  • Adherence is key. Even if one feels well, discontinuation can be detrimental. Notably, those with high blood pressure might not exhibit overt symptoms.

Handling Missed Doses

If a dose is missed, take it as soon as you recall. However, if it’s near the next dosage time, omit the missed dose. Never double up.

Amlodipine Side Effects

Like all medications, Amlodipine comes with potential side effects:

  • Common Effects: Dizziness, lightheadedness, ankle/feet swelling, or flushing.
  • Severe Effects: Rapid or irregular heartbeats, fainting, worsening chest pain, or symptoms pointing towards a heart attack, such as pain in the chest, jaw, or left arm, shortness of breath, or excessive sweating.
  • Allergic Reactions: These are rare but critical. Signs include rash, severe dizziness, swelling (particularly of the face/tongue/throat), and breathing difficulties.

It’s crucial to consult a doctor if these or any other unexpected symptoms occur.

Essential Precautions

Before starting Amlodipine:

  • Disclose any allergies, especially to dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.
  • Share your medical history, notably issues like aortic stenosis, low blood pressure, or liver ailments.
  • Older adults may experience heightened sensitivity, particularly to dizziness.
  • Consult with your doctor regarding pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Potential Interactions

Amlodipine may interact with other medications, altering its efficacy or increasing side effects. Maintain a comprehensive list of all drugs you’re taking, and ensure your doctor is informed.

Notes on Amlodipine

  • Lifestyle modifications like exercise, a low-fat diet, quitting smoking, and stress reduction can augment the effectiveness of Amlodipine.
  • Regularly monitoring blood pressure at home and sharing results with your doctor is recommended.
  • Store tablets at room temperature, away from light and moisture.

Amlodipine Price Considerations

The price of Amlodipine 5 mg can vary based on factors like location, insurance, and brand. The Amlodipine 5 mg price without insurance might differ from insured rates, so it’s advisable to shop around or consult your pharmacist for the best deals.


Amlodipine, a significant player in cardiovascular medication, offers valuable benefits when used correctly. As with any drug, understanding its features, benefits, potential side effects, and interactions is crucial for optimal health outcomes. Always consult your healthcare provider with any concerns or questions.